Dos and Don’ts of Disaster Management- Precautions and measures

 Dos and Don’ts of Disaster Management

Dos

You and Your Family


F     Educate your children wife and other family member in respect of natural and manmade disasters and other crises. In case of your being unaware, take help of Civil Defence and Home Guard organisation and other NGOs. Develop habit in you and your children to spare 1% of you busy time to think about Individual security and security interests.

F     Keep the phone numbers of the local police station, police control rooms, fire stations, and schools, colleges, TV station, All India Radio, ambulance services and Chemists for emergency use.

F     Guide children to remain at schools in emergency.

F     Prepare an emergency kit of items and essentials in the house including essential documents and valuables.

F     Store food and water for survival in case you had a pre-warning.

F     Any suspicious incidents observed be reported to police on 103. Callers do not have to give their identity on the phone. Information of immediate use be conveyed to control rooms to help early relief.

F     Carry your identity card, residential telephone number or address or personal card with you. Have your blood group and any medical allergies recorded with you.

F     Check information in case of disasters and crises from ward, civil Defence/Home Guard, and BMC, TV and All India Radio Control room.

F     Learn to fight such emergencies untidily.

F     Support authorities and NGOs.

F     Identify scooters, cars, vehicles parked in society and identify vehicles which are unknown and parked for long.

F     Organize societies and muhalla committees to educate people.

Donts


F     Do not encourage rumors.

F     Do not blame any community for any crises.

F     Do not encourage communal hatred in such situations.


Dos
Your Place of Work

F     Your mode of travel by car, bus, train and taxi be known to your people.

F     High rises buildings must check their electric and water supplies and organise periodic mockup drills for fire fighting and escape routes.

F     Drills for bomb blast, threats be organised and practiced.

F     Air/Helicopter evacuation be examined and organised from selected rooftops of high rises.

F     Fire fighting equipment be kept serviceable and periodic check is effected.

F     Office societies be organised and prepared to coordinate such emergencies of fire brigade, medical help and other assistance. Such people be nominated and they should guide relief.

F     Everyone must know use of fire extinguisher in emergency.

F     Security guards are trained to coordinate in such crises.

Dos

In Transit

F     Be concerned and develop habit of surveillance when out of our house. Check your seat in cinema hall, train, bus and air. Have you observed a bird, she jumped around and looks in all directions before selecting a spot on a tree for her security. Do we learn anything from this bird instinct?

F     Look for the objects, baggage, at bus stand, railway stations, compartments, airport, which is unclaimed.

F     Unknown vehicles parked at airports, Railway Stations and bus stands have to be kept under surveillance by common citizens, and this alertness may help authorities.

F     Bus, trains and airlines passengers who notice any suspicious behavior of co-passengers, be brought to the notice of officials,

F     Every passenger should identify a friend or relations residence in case of requirement of staying away in emergency. The family should know about such a plan.

Don’t

F     Do not touch any suspicious object. Report to concerned people.

F     Do not crowd the object.

F     Passengers should not accept parcels from unknown persons in hurry while boarding train or bus.

DURING AN EARTHQUAKE

When you feel an earthquake, duck under a desk or sturdy table. Stay away from windows, bookcases, file cabinets, heavy mirrors, hanging plants, and other heavy objects that could fall. Watch out for falling plaster and ceiling tiles. Stay undercover until the shaking stops, and hold onto your cover. If it moves, move with it. Below are some additional tips for specific locations:

If you are in a HIGH-RISE BUILDING, and not near a desk or table, move against an interior wall and protect your head with your arms. Do not use the elevators. Do not be surprised if the alarm or sprinkler systems come on. Stay indoors. Glass windows can dislodge during the quake and sail for hundreds of feet.
If you’re OUTDOORS, move to a clear area away from trees, signs, buildings, electrical wires, and poles.
If you’re on a SIDEWALK NEAR BUILDINGS, duck into a doorway to protect yourself from falling bricks, glass, plaster, and other debris.
If you’re DRIVING, pull over to the side of the road and stop. Avoid overpasses, power lines, and other hazards. Stay inside the vehicle until the shaking is over.
If you’re in a CROWDED STORE OR OTHER PUBLIC PLACE, do not rush for exits. Move away from display shelves containing objects that could fall.
If you’re in a WHEELCHAIR, stay in it. Move to cover, if possible, lock your wheels, and protect your head with your arms.
If you’re in the KITCHEN, move away from the refrigerator, stove, and overhead cupboards. (Take time NOW to anchor appliances, and install security latches on cupboard doors to reduce hazards.)
If you’re in a STADIUM OR THEATER, stay in your seat and protect your head with your arms. Do not try to leave until the shaking is over, then leave in a calm, orderly manner. Avoid rushing toward exits.

AFTER THE EARTHQUAKE CHECK LIST

Be prepared for aftershocks, and plan where you will take cover when they occur.
Check for injuries. Give first aid, as necessary.
Remain calm and reassure others.
Avoid broken glass.

Check for fire. Take appropriate actions and precautions.
Check gas, water, and electric lines. If damaged, shut off service. If gas is leaking, don’t use matches, flashlights, appliances, or electric switches. Open windows, leave building, and report to gas company.
Replace all telephone receivers, and use for emergency calls only.
Tune to the emergency broadcast station on radio or television. Listen for emergency bulletins.
Stay out of damaged buildings.

INDIVIDUAL AND FAMILY READINESS

Create a Family Earthquake Plan

Know the safe spot in each room, (under sturdy tables, desks, or against inside walls).
Know the danger spots, (windows, mirrors, hanging objects, fireplaces and tall furniture).
Conduct practice drills. Physically place yourself and your children in safe locations.
Learn first aid and CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) from your local Red Cross or other community organization.
Decide where your family will reunite, if separated.
Keep a list of emergency phone numbers.
Choose an out-of-state friend or relative whom family members can call after the quake to report your condition. Carry emergency contact cards with out of state contact phone numbers.

HOME PREPAREDNESS

Learn how to shut off gas, water, and electricity in case the lines are damaged.
Check chimneys, roofs, and wall foundations for stability. Note: If your home was built before 1935, make sure your house is bolted to its foundation. If your home is on a raised foundation, make sure the cripple walls have been made into shear walls. Call a licensed contractor if you have any questions.
Secure Heavy Furnishings
Secure water heater and appliances that could move enough to rupture utility lines.
Keep breakable and heavy objects on lower shelves. Put latches on cabinet doors to keep them closed during shaking.
Keep flammable or hazardous liquids such as paints, pest sprays, or cleaning products in cabinets or secured on lower shelves.
Maintain emergency food, water, medicine, first aid kit, tools, and clothing.

HOME AND OFFICE FIRST AID KITS

First aid kits are vital following any emergency. They can also come in very handy on a day to day basis when someone is injured. To be useful, a first aid kit must be accessible and ready. Store the kit in a location that will be accessible following the turmoil of an earthquake.
Do not forget your cars! You also need a well-stocked first aid kit for each vehicle.
Supplies need to be rotated and kept fresh, especially in vehicles where heat can shorten the life of your first aid supplies. We recommend checking and updating all of your first aid supplies twice a year. A good time is when you change your clocks for daylight savings time. (This is also the time to check your smoke detector batteries).

MEDICATIONS

Antibiotic Ointment
Medications For All Family Members
Aspirin and/or Pain Relief Medication
Diarrhea Medication
Eye Drops
Cold/Cough Medicine
Benadryl
Insect Spray
Ear and Nose Drops
Hydrogen Peroxide
Skin Disinfectant Spray
Extra Prescription Medication
Old Pair Of Prescription Eyeglasses For Spare

MEDICAL MATERIALS

Band-aids
Medical Latex Gloves
Surgical Mask
Instant Cold Packs
Instant Hot Packs
Ace Bandages
Butterfly Bandages
Gauze Pads
Cotton Swabs
Adhesive Tape
2″ & 4″ Wide Sterile Bandage Rolls
Triangular Bandage For Sling, Etc. (37″ x 37″ x 52″)
Tongue Depressors (Pop-sickle Sticks)
Splint Material
Spray Bottle With 10% Bleach Solution For Disinfecting Objects.

FAMILY EARTHQUAKE PLAN

KNOW YOUR ENVIRONMENT

During an earthquake, stay away from heavy furniture, appliances, large panes of glass, shelves holding heavy objects, and
masonry veneer (such as the fireplace). These items tend to fall or break and can injure you. Usually, a hallway is one of the safest places if it is not crowded with objects. Kitchens and garages tend to be the most dangerous. Also, know the safest place in each room. It will be difficult to move from one place to another during a severe earthquake.
EXITS AND ALTERNATIVE EXITS: Always know all the possible ways to exit your house and workplace in emergency situations. Try to discover exits that would only be available to you in an emergency.
LOCATION OF SHUT-OFF VALVES: Know the location of the shutoff valves for water, gas, and electricity. If you are not sure, contact your utility company

MAKE SPECIAL PROVISIONS

 

 

ELDERLY, DISABLED, OR PERSONS UNDER MEDICATION: These people may have difficulty moving around after an earthquake. Plan to have someone help them to evacuate if necessary. Also, they may need special foods or medication. Be sure to store several days’ supply of these special provisions.
PERSONS WHO DON’T SPEAK ENGLISH: People who cannot speak English often rely on their family or friends for information. If they are separated during an earthquake, they may need help. Prepare emergency information cards, written in English, indicating identification, address, and special needs.
PETS: After an earthquake, you should be concerned with your own safety before taking care of your pets. Storing extra food and water for pets is always a good idea. Keep them in a secure place at home after an earthquake. If you are evacuated, they will not be allowed at the emergency shelter.

During the Earthquake  

Preparations for an earthquake include knowing what to do while it is happening.  By learning and practicing what you should try to do, you will be more able to remain calm enough to protect yourself and help others.  Know what to do, wherever you are.  In summary, you should take cover and stay there.

  • If you’re inside your home, stay there.  Get out of the kitchen safer places are inside hall, in corners, in archways.  Take cover under a heavy table, desk or any solid furniture that you can get under and hold onto.  Protect your head and face.  Doors may slam on you figures if you are in a doorway.  Avoid areas near windows.
  • If you are in a yard outside your home, stay there and get clear of buildings and wires that could fall on you.
  • Don’t go outside where you may be hit by falling debris – pavements next to tall buildings are particularly dangerous.
  • Avoid lifts – if you are in a lift when an earthquake happens, press all floors buttons and get out when you can.  High – rise residents will hear fire alarms go off and electricity may fail.
  • If you are in a vehicle, pull over to the sight (leave the road clear) away from bridges, over bridges and buildings.  Stay in your vehicle.
  • If you are in a crowed public place, take cover and watch that you don’t get trampled.  In shopping centers, take cover in the nearest store and keep away form windows, neon signs and display shelves of heavy objects.
  • Remain in protected place until the shacking stops.  Anticipate after shocks – they may occur after the first quake.
  • Try to remain calm and help others.

  After the earthquake

Preparation of an earthquake also include knowing what to do and not do, after the shaking stops-when there is a danger from aftershocks, fire, falling building materials, debris, etc. Remain calm. You may have to take charge of others. Take care of life threatening situations first. Remember, you may be on your own for 72 hours or more.

  • Check your home for structural damage and other hazards.
  • Check yourself and others nearby for injuries-administer first aid quickly and carefully.
  • If you are evacuating, locate and take your pack of emergency supplies with you.
  • Use a torch to check utilities and not shut them off unless damaged. Leaking gas will smell. Don’t light matches or turn on light switches-until you are sure there are no gas leaks or flammable liquids.
  • Wear sturdy shoes, if there’s debris, particularly broken glass.
  • Check your neighbor’s after looking your own family. Your first help after and earthquake usually will come from family and friends.
  • Confine frightened pets.
  • Don’t flush toilets if you suspects nearby sewer lines are broken.
  • Carefully cleanup any spilled hazardous material.
  • Secure your home against intruders.
  • Turn on your battery-power radio (or car radio) and listen for broadcast emergency instructions.
  • Don’t use your telephone, expect it an extreme emergency.
  • Don’t use your vehicle, expect in an extreme emergency.
  • Stay at least ten meters from downed power lines.

Ø      Avoid sea line because of the threat of large waves.

Important Links

http://www.iris.edu/seismon
http://www.lafd.org
http://www.eeri.org
http://www.anss.org
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2004_Indian_Ocean_earthquake

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3 comments on “Dos and Don’ts of Disaster Management- Precautions and measures

  1. Very attractive and very very marvellous precautions are given and I liked it very much they give the students and other people very important and very attentive knowledge about every disaster

    Like

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